Period: 1929-00-00 - 1949-00-00

The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, and the Nationalists, led by Chiang Kai-shek and backed by some Western nations, fought to remake China. More than a million Chinese died in this war. The Nationalists eventually wound up in Taiwan. Mao soon extended China’s regional influence by tipping the balance in neighboring civil wars, first in Korea, then in Vietnam.