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Clark Louis Ruffner

Date of birth: January 12, 1903
Date of death: October 12, 1982
Burial location: Arlington, Virginia
Place of Birth: New York, Buffalo
Home of record: Virginia

Clark Ruffner graduated from Virginia Military Institute in 1924. He retired as a U.S. Army General in 1962.

AWARDS AND CITATIONS

Distinguished Service Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

The President of the United States of America, under the provisions of the Act of Congress approved July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Major General Clark Louis Ruffner (ASN: 0-15968), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding General of the 2d Infantry Division. Major General Ruffner distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action against enemy aggressor forces in the vicinity of Hangyi and Umyang-ni, Korea, during the period from 16 through 24 May 1951. On 16 May 1951, after an ominous build-up of strength, the Chinese Communist forces launched a massive offensive against the Second Infantry Division and two Republic of Korea divisions of the United States X Corps with a force of an estimated 96,000 troops. Although the attack was expected and enormous casualties were inflicted on the enemy, the situation became critical on 18 May 1951, when the Republic of Korea forces, overrun by a numerically preponderant enemy force, collapsed and exposed the right flank of the Second Infantry Division. At this juncture, General Ruffner personally visited the most forward positions to rally his troops and reorganize the defense on a new line. Through his coolness, efficiency and indifference to danger, he assisted in extricating several units which had been cut off, narrowly escaping death on one occasion when the helicopter in which he was riding crashed on a mountain peak within sight of the enemy. On 20 and 21 May 1951, General Ruffner moved his division in a difficult lateral maneuver across the battlefront, then personally led a counterattack against the enemy. As a result of this brilliantly executed counterattack, the hostile forces were routed after suffering losses thirty times as great as those sustained by the Second Division. On 24 May 1951, General Ruffner organized and led a special task force to seize and secure a bridgehead across the Soyang River and sever enemy escape routes to the north. When the troops were stopped by enemy mortar fire, General Ruffner drove his jeep near the head of the tank-infantry column over a road that had not been swept for mines and through the areas of the hostile mortar fire. This fearless action so inspired the officers and men of the task force that they mounted their vehicles and immediately resumed the advance. By his brave and daring leadership the objective was secured in minimum time, thus putting a force twelve miles deep into the territory held by the enemy force and severing two of its main avenues of escape to the north.

General Orders: Headquarters, Eighth U.S. Army, Korea: General Orders No. 416 (June 9, 1951)

Action Date: May 16 - 24, 1951

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: 2d Infantry Division

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Clark Louis Ruffner (ASN: 0-15968), United States Army, was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during World War II.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 86 (1945)

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Major General Clark Louis Ruffner (ASN: 0-15968), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General, 2d Infantry Division, in Korea, during the period from 14 August 1950 to 8 August 1951.

General Orders: Department of the Army, General Orders No. 85 (September 25, 1951)

Action Date: August 14, 1950 - August 8, 1951

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: 2d Infantry Division

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal to General Clark Louis Ruffner (ASN: 0-15968), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States, during the period September 1951 to October 1962.

General Orders: Department of the Army, General Orders No. 64 (November 13, 1962)

Action Date: September 1951 - October 1962

Service: Army

Rank: General

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Clark Louis Ruffner (ASN: 0-15968), United States Army, was awarded the Silver Star for gallantry in action while serving as the Commanding General, 2d Infantry Division, in Korea.

General Orders: Headquarters, X Corps, General Orders No. 12 (1950)

Action Date: Korean War

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: 2d Infantry Division

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the Cold War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: General Clark Louis Ruffner (ASN: 0-15968), United States Army, was awarded the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States.

Service: Army

Rank: General

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the Vietnam War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: General Clark Louis Ruffner (ASN: 0-15968), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States.

Service: Army

Rank: General