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Edward Mallory Almond

Date of birth: December 12, 1892
Date of death: June 11, 1979
Burial location: Arlington, Virginia
Place of Birth: Virginia, Luray
Home of record: Ft. Leavenworth Kansas

Edward Almond graduated from the Virginia Military Institute in 1915 and became an infantry officer in 1916, serving in France during the final months of World War I. During World War II he was commanding general of 92d Division, then he joined General McArthur's staff and rose to Chief of Staff for the Far Eastern Command. In September 1950 he was appointed as commander of the X Corps. When General MacArthur was recalled by President Truman, General Almond retained both assignments, a controversial position. After retirement, he was president of Virginia Military Institute from 1961 until 1968. Both his son and his son-in-law were killed in World War II.

AWARDS AND CITATIONS

Distinguished Service Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

The President of the United States of America, under the provisions of the Act of Congress approved July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Major General Edward M. Almond (ASN: 0-466), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding General of X Corps. Major General Almond distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action against enemy aggressor forces in the Republic of Korea during the period from 15 to 25 September 1950. During the seizure of Inchon, General Almond personally visited front line units, coordinated tactical efforts, and by his own fearless example aided them in seizing assigned objectives. Following the fall of Inchon, General Almond personally led his troops in their rapid drive through enemy-held territory to seize Seoul, and to speed the disintegration of the enemy forces. During the assault of the Han River, he moved to a forward position well beyond the line of friendly forces to observe and control the river crossing. Despite heavy enemy mortar fire directed at him, General Almond remained to supervise the air and artillery support which was protecting the first units of the Seventh Infantry Division crossing the river. Disregarding enemy mine fields and sniper fire, he proceeded to the crossing site to direct fire of amphibious tanks neutralizing enemy opposition which was impeding our crossing. By his inspirational leadership, his complete indifference to danger, and personal control of the battlefield, General Almond quickly concluded tactical operations which destroyed the enemy forces in the X Corps zone of action and saved countless lives in the forces under his command.

General Orders: General Headquarters Far East Command: General Orders No. 43 (October 23, 1950)

Action Date: September 15 - 25, 1950

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: X Corps

Distinguished Service Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

The President of the United States of America, under the provisions of the Act of Congress approved July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Lieutenant General Edward M. Almond (ASN: 0-466), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy of the United Nations while serving as Commanding General, X Corps. Lieutenant General Almond distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action against enemy aggressor forces during the massive offensive by three known Communist Armies against the X Corps, during the period from 16 through 25 May 1951. General Almond personally directed the historic defense which contained this attack and resulted in crushing losses in enemy manpower and materiel. During this period General Almond distinguished himself by countless acts of individual heroism as well as providing the inspiration, leadership and tactical skill which contributed materially the success of this operation. On 19 May 1951, while reconnoitering enemy positions in a light aircraft, he observed 250 enemy at a point forward of a friendly tank patrol. General Almond landed his plane by the tank column and sent the tank platoon leader in his aide's plane to observe the enemy group. While with the tank column the enemy set up a machine gun within 500 yards of his position. Without regard for hostile fire from this gun, he directed tank fire which silenced the weapon. The tank platoon went on to destroy the 250 enemy. On 21 May 1951, General Almond made an aerial reconnaissance before a tank column operating at Soksa-ri, Korea. While flying low over this area, General Almond received intense automatic-weapons fire. Again, without regard for personal safety, he located these weapons and personally directed their destruction. Again on 25 May 1951, he made four flights in an unarmed light plane through the enemy-held mountain pass between Hangye and the Umyang bridgehead on the Seyang River. Despite intense enemy small-arms and friendly artillery fire, he returned time and again to insure proper command and liaison between friendly forces operating at both ends of the pass. These specific acts, as well as countless visits to forward-most command posts, provided the inspiration and forceful leadership essential at this critical time.

General Orders: Headquarters, Eighth U.S. Army, Korea: General Orders No. 362 (May 28, 1951)

Action Date: May 16 - 25, 1951

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Company: Commanding General

Division: X Corps

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Edward Mallory Almond (ASN: 0-4666), United States Army, was awarded the Army Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General, 92d Infantry Division, during World War II.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 67 (1945)

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: 92d Infantry Division

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Lieutenant General Edward Mallory Almond (ASN: 0-4666), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General, TENTH Corps during the period from 14 September 1950 to 30 June 1951.

General Orders: Department of the Army: General Orders No. 73 (August 9, 1951)

Action Date: September 14, 1950 - June 30, 1951

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Company: Commanding General

Division: X Corps

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War I

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major (Infantry) Edward Mallory Almond (ASN: 0-4666), United States Army, was awarded the Silver Star for gallantry in action as Commanding Officer, 12th Machine-Gun Battalion, 4th Division, American Expeditionary Forces, during World War I.

General Orders: Headquarters, 5th Army, General Orders No. 86 (July 10, 1945)

Action Date: World War I

Service: Army

Rank: Major

Company: Commanding Officer

Battalion: 12th Machine-Gun Battalion

Division: 4th Division, American Expeditionary Forces

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star to Major General Edward Mallory Almond (ASN: 0-4666), United States Army, for gallantry in action on 25 and 26 April 1945, while Commanding the 92d Infantry Division, in Italy. While his troops were engaged in a bitter offensive against a stubborn foe, Major General Almond entered a town near the front lines which was under complete domination of enemy artillery and mortar fire. For six hours following his entry, the enemy subjected the town to a tremendous artillery concentration. Regardless of the extremely hazardous situation, he remained in the area, personally supervising the forward movement of his infantry and artillery in the assault on Lavagna. On the afternoon of the following day, he personally reassured and encouraged the men in moving from Chiavari toward Genoa. After t his town had been secured, he disdained the relative security of buildings and again conspicuously exposed himself to the extremely hazardous combat conditions. Moving from unit to unit he directed and inspired the armor, infantry and field artillery in its advance toward the highly strategic objective of Genoa. Major General Almond's bold and completed determination to close with the German enemy and destroy him reflect high credit on his aggressive fighting spirit which exemplified the gallant traditions of the United States Army.

General Orders: Headquarters, 5th Army, General Orders No. 86 (July 10, 1945)

Action Date: April 25 & 26, 1945

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Division: 92d Infantry Division

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Edward Mallory Almond (ASN: 0-4666), United States Army, was awarded the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States.

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: X Corps

Distinguished Flying Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Edward Mallory Almond (ASN: 0-4666), United States Army, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as Commanding General, X Corps, in Korea.

Action Date: Korean War

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: X Corps

Distinguished Flying Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Edward Mallory Almond (ASN: 0-4666), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as Commanding General, X Corps, in Korea.

Action Date: Korean War

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: X Corps

Distinguished Flying Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Korean War

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Edward Mallory Almond (ASN: 0-4666), United States Army, was awarded a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as Commanding General, X Corps, in Korea.

Action Date: Korean War

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: X Corps