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A. T. House , Jr.

Date of birth: August 8, 1917
Date of death: June 12, 2011
Burial location: Lake Worth, Florida
Place of Birth: California, San Francisco
Home of record: Long Beach California

A T House joined the Marine Corps in 1935 and was discharged in 1939, subsequently enlisting in the Army and earning his commission as a Second Lieutenant before applying for flight training and earning his wings in the U.S. Army Air Forces in December 1941. During World War II he became an ACE, credited with 5 victories in aerial combat. After the war he transferred to the new U.S. Air Force, and retired in 1960 as a Colonel.

AWARDS AND CITATIONS

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Second Lieutenant (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-40 Fighter Airplane in the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 3 March 1943, in the Southwest Pacific Area. On this date Second Lieutenant House destroyed two enemy aircraft, which when combined with three earlier aerial victories, made him an ACE. In one instance he rammed his plane into a Japanese fighter to save the life of his squadron commander, but was able to break away and, though his plane was crippled, returned to his bas and landed safely. Second Lieutenant House's unquestionable valor in aerial combat is in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the Far East Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.

General Orders: Headquarters, South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 27 (1942)

Action Date: March 3, 1943

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Fighter Group

Division: 5th Air Force

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Second Lieutenant (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Silver Star for gallantry in action against the enemy as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in action against the enemy in aerial combat in the Pacific Theater of Action during World War II. His gallant actions and dedicated devotion to duty, without regard for his own life, were in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army Air Forces.

General Orders: Headquarters, U.S. Forces, Pacific, General Orders No. 312 (1946)

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army Air Forces

Rank: Second Lieutenant

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: 5th Air Force

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Second Lieutenant (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star for gallantry in action against the enemy as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in action against the enemy in aerial combat in the Pacific Theater of Action during World War II. His gallant actions and dedicated devotion to duty, without regard for his own life, were in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army Air Forces.

General Orders: Headquarters, U.S. Forces, Pacific, General Orders No. 320 (1946)

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army Air Forces

Rank: Second Lieutenant

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: 5th Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Silver Star to Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, for gallantry in action against the enemy as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Pursuit Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, in action in New Guinea, on 9 January 1943. As Colonel House led a unit of several aircraft towards a projected dive bombing operation against enemy transports in Lee Harbor, he discovered an enemy aircraft following his formation. Realizing his unit would be forced to jettison its bomb load and abandon the mission if the enemy attacked successfully, he pulled away from the formation, dropped his bombs, boldly attacked the hostile airplane and skillfully shot it down, thereby enabling his formation to complete its mission successfully. Through his exceptional fortitude, sound judgment, and exceptional ability, Colonel House exemplified the highest traditions of the United States Army Air Forces.

General Orders: Headquarters, U.S. Forces, Pacific, General Orders No. 321 (August 23, 1946)

Action Date: January 9, 1943

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Pursuit Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: 5th Air Force

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, 20 July 1942, takes pleasure in presenting the Legion of Merit to Colonel A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States, while serving with the 7th Pursuit Squadron, 49th Pursuit Group, FIFTH Air Force, from 9 April 1942 to 1 September 1942.

General Orders: Headquarters, U.S. Forces, Pacific, General Orders No. 311 (August 24, 1946)

Action Date: April 9, 1942 - September 1, 1942

Service: Army Air Forces

Rank: Colonel

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: 5th Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Second Lieutenant (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in action against the enemy in aerial combat in the Pacific Theater of Action during World War II. The skillful and zealous manner in which he has sought out the enemy and destroyed him, his devotion to duty and courage under all conditions serve as an inspiration to his fellow flyers. His actions on all these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: Far East Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Second Lieutenant (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in action against the enemy in aerial combat in the Pacific Theater of Action during World War II. The skillful and zealous manner in which he has sought out the enemy and destroyed him, his devotion to duty and courage under all conditions serve as an inspiration to his fellow flyers. His actions on all these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: Far East Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 2, 1926, takes pleasure in presenting a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross to Major (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in action over the Markham River, New Guinea, on 3 March 1943. Major House was completing a strafing pass on an enemy barge when he was suddenly attacked by four enemy fighters from several different directions. In the ensuing engagement he sent one of the fighters crashing into the water below with a long burst from his guns at close range. When a second plane crossed into his course, he hit the engine and cockpit with a long burst, causing it to catch fire and fall into the water. The outstanding courage and devotion to duty displayed by Major House during this flight are in keeping with the highest traditions of the Army Air Forces.

General Orders: Headquarters, Far East Air Forces, General Orders No. 830 (May 18, 1945)

Action Date: March 3, 1943

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: Far East Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded a Third Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in action against the enemy in aerial combat in the Pacific Theater of Action during World War II. The skillful and zealous manner in which he has sought out the enemy and destroyed him, his devotion to duty and courage under all conditions serve as an inspiration to his fellow flyers. His actions on all these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: Far East Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded a Fourth Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Fifth Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in action against the enemy in aerial combat in the Pacific Theater of Action during World War II. The skillful and zealous manner in which he has sought out the enemy and destroyed him, his devotion to duty and courage under all conditions serve as an inspiration to his fellow flyers. His actions on all these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: Far East Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded a Silver Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Sixth Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in action against the enemy in aerial combat in the Pacific Theater of Action during World War II. The skillful and zealous manner in which he has sought out the enemy and destroyed him, his devotion to duty and courage under all conditions serve as an inspiration to his fellow flyers. His actions on all these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: Far East Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in addition to a previously awarded Silver Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Seventh Award of the Distinguished Flying Cross for extraordinary achievement while participating in aerial flight while serving as a P-40 Fighter Pilot of the 7th Fighter Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FAR EAST Air Force, in action against the enemy in aerial combat in the Pacific Theater of Action during World War II. The skillful and zealous manner in which he has sought out the enemy and destroyed him, his devotion to duty and courage under all conditions serve as an inspiration to his fellow flyers. His actions on all these occasions reflect the highest credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of the United States.

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Fighter Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: Far East Air Force

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 2, 1926, takes pleasure in presenting the Soldier's Medal to Lieutenant Colonel (Air Corps) A. T. House, Jr. (ASN: 0-406351), United States Army Air Forces, for heroism in Australia on 14 August 1942. During a raging fire at Batchelor Field, Darwin, Australia, which ignited an ammunition dump and threatened to destroy the entire supply of aircraft and material at the base, Colonel House, 7th Pursuit Squadron, 49th Fighter Group, FIFTH Air Force, courageously penetrated the flames and taxied five aircraft and two trucks to safety. Knocked down repeatedly by deafening concussions from exploding bombs, he tenaciously retrieved quantities of critically needed air and motor transport. With utter disregard for his personal safety, he administered first aid to an injured man until a tremendous blast buried them both under a mound of dirt. Courageously maintaining self-control, he then dug the injured man and himself out to safety. Through his exceptional fortitude, fearless leadership, and devotion to duty, Colonel House upheld the finest traditions of the United States Army Air Forces.

General Orders: Headquarters, U.S. Forces, Pacific, General Orders No. 313 (August 24, 1946)

Action Date: August 14, 1942

Service: Army Air Forces

Battalion: 7th Pursuit Squadron

Regiment: 49th Pursuit Group

Division: 5th Air Force