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Wendell Cushing Neville

Date of birth: May 12, 1870
Date of death: July 8, 1930
Burial location: Arlington, Virginia
Place of Birth: Virginia, Portsmouth
Home of record: Portsmouth Virginia

Wendell Neville graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Class of 1890. During the period from 1898 to 1918, he spent fourteen years in foreign service, serving in the Spanish-American War, the Boxer Rebellion in China, Mexico, and the Philippine Insurrection, earning both the Medal of Honor and the Brevet Medal. As a Colonel he commanded the 5th Marine Regiment in France during World War I, and later as Brigadier General commanded the 4th Infantry Brigade (one of the few times a Marine General commanded Army troops in combat), earning both the Army and Navy Distinguished Service Medals and the Silver Star. From March 5, 1929 until his death on July 8, 1930, he served as the 14th Commandant of the U.S. Marine Corps.

AWARDS AND CITATIONS

Medal of Honor

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Awarded for actions during the Dominican Republic Occupation

The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of Honor to Lieutenant Colonel Wendell Cushing Neville (MCSN: 0-711), United States Marine Corps, for distinguished conduct in battle engagements of Vera Cruz, Mexico, on 21 and 22 April 1914. In command of the 2d Regiment Marines, Lieutenant Colonel Neville was in both days' fighting and almost continually under fire from soon after landing, about noon on the 21st, until we were in possession of the city, about noon of the 22d. His duties required him to be at points of great danger in directing his officers and men, and he exhibited conspicuous courage, coolness, and skill in his conduct of the fighting. Upon his courage and skill depended, in great measure, success or failure. His responsibilities were great and he met them in a manner worthy of commendation.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 177 (December 4, 1915)

Action Date: April 21 & 22, 1914

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel

Company: Commanding Officer

Regiment: 2d Regiment (Marines)

Marine Corps Brevet Medal

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Awarded for actions during the Spanish-American War

The Secretary of the Navy takes pleasure in transmitting to First Lieutenant Wendell Cushing Neville (MCSN: 0-711), United States Marine Corps, the Brevet Medal which is awarded in accordance with Marine Corps Order No. 26 (1921), for conspicuous conduct in battle while serving with Company D, First Marine (Huntington's) Battalion, at Guantanamo, Cuba, on 13 June 1898. On 10 August 1898, First Lieutenant Neville is appointed Captain, by brevet, to take rank from 13 June 1898.

General Orders: Marine Corps Orders No. 26 (June 27, 1921)

Action Date: June 13, 1898

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: First Lieutenant

Company: Company D

Battalion: 1st Marine (Huntington's) Battalion

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War I

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Brigadier General Wendell Cushing Neville (MCSN: 0-711), United States Marine Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States during World War I. While in command of the 5th Regiment, United States Marine Corps, and later of the 4th Infantry Brigade, 2d Division, A.E.F., Brigadier General Neville participated in the battles of Chateau-Thierry, the advances near Soissons and the operations of St. Mihiel, Blanc Mont Ridge and the Argonne-Meuse. In all these he proved himself a leader of great skill and ability.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 59 (1919)

Action Date: World War I

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: Brigadier General

Company: Commanding Officer

Regiment: 5th Regiment (Marines) & 4th Infantry Brigade (Army)

Division: 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces

Navy Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War I

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Distinguished Service Medal to Brigadier General Wendell Cushing Neville (MCSN: 0-711), United States Marine Corps, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States during World War I. When in command of the 5th Regiment, United States Marine Corps, and later of the 4th Infantry Brigade, 2d Division, A.E.F., Brigadier General Neville participated in the battles of Chateau-Thierry, the advances near Soissons and the operations of St. Mihiel, Blanc Mont Ridge and the Argonne-Meuse. In all these he proved himself a leader of great skill and ability.

General Orders: Authority: Navy Book of Distinguished Service (Stringer)

Action Date: World War I

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: Brigadier General

Company: Commanding Officer

Regiment: 5th Regiment (Marines) & 4th Infantry Brigade (Army)

Division: 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces

Silver Star Citation

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Awarded for actions during the World War I

By direction of the President, under the provisions of the act of Congress approved July 9, 1918 (Bul. No. 43, W.D., 1918), Brigadier General Wendell Cushing Neville (MCSN: 0-711), United States Marine Corps, is cited by the Commanding General, SECOND Division, American Expeditionary Forces, for gallantry in action and a silver star may be placed upon the ribbon of the Victory Medals awarded him. Brigadier General Neville distinguished himself while serving with as Commanding General, Fifth Regiment (Marines) & 4th Infantry Brigade (Army), 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces in France during World War I.

General Orders: Citation Orders No. 88, 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces

Action Date: November 11, 1918

Service: Marine Corps

Rank: Brigadier General

Company: Commanding Officer

Regiment: Fifth Regiment (Marines) & 4th Infantry Brigade (Army)

Division: 2d Division, American Expeditionary Forces