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Robert Tryon Frederick

Date of birth: March 14, 1907
Date of death: November 29, 1970
Burial location: San Francisco, CA
Place of Birth: California, San Francisco
Home of record: San Francisco California

Robert Frederick graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Class of 1928. In addition to the two Distinguished Service Crosses and Silver Star General Frederick earned in World War II, he was awarded a RECORD EIGHT Purple Hearts. In the 1967 movie about the 1st Special Service Force, "The Devil's Brigade," Robert Holden portrayed General Frederick.

AWARDS AND CITATIONS

Distinguished Service Cross

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Brigadier General Robert Tryon Frederick (ASN: 0-17196), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy as Commander of the 1st Special Service Force, in action against enemy forces during the period 10 January to 13 January 1944, near Mount Vischiataro, Italy. While commanding his own organization and an attached task force, Brigadier General Frederick made a personal reconnaissance to determine hostile positions prior to an attack. Far in advance of the foremost elements of his command, under enemy machine gun, mortar and artillery fire, he probed enemy defenses and selected a covered route of approach for his troops. While leading his men against the enemy, he continued his reconnaissance in advance of his forward troops to obtain information from which to plan the development of the attack. Operating in terrain almost devoid of cover and concealment, he organized a surprise attack that quickly drove the enemy from a strategically important position. Brigadier General Frederick's constant presence under enemy fire forward of his own troops proved an inspiration to them and a decisive factor in the accomplishment of his mission. His heroism, aggressiveness, and tactical skill exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

General Orders: Headquarters, Fifth U.S. Army, General Orders No. 102 (1944)

Action Date: January 10 - 13, 1944

Service: Army

Rank: Brigadier General

Company: Commanding Officer

Division: 1st Special Service Force

Distinguished Service Cross

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Service Cross to Major General Robert Tryon Frederick (ASN: 0-17196), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy as Commander of the 1st Special Service Force, in action against enemy forces on 4 June 1944, in Rome, Italy. In order to advance to the city of Rome and seize bridges within the city, General Frederick organized a small, fast-moving force of armored vehicles and infantry to speedily execute the mission. Upon entering the city, the force met strong, determined resistance. Because of communication difficulties, General Frederick moved from place to place, constantly under fire, issuing orders and controlling his units. When the resistance had been overcome and movement through the city resumed, General Frederick, with only a small party, sped ahead in his half-track vehicle to examine the bridges for demolitions and neutralize charges that may have been placed but not yet exploded. As the examination of the first bridge was completed, an enemy unit approached to cross. In the ensuing fight, five of the enemy were killed, six wounded, eleven captured, and the remainder forced to withdraw. Although General Frederick had been slightly wounded early in the day and twice wounded at the bridge, he spent the remainder of the night disposing his forces to protect the bridges. His courage, leadership and determination in battle inspired his troops and were largely responsible for the successful accomplishment of a difficult operation. Major General Frederick's gallant leadership, personal bravery and zealous devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

General Orders: Headquarters, Seventh U.S. Army, General Orders No. 22 (January 28,1945)

Action Date: 4-Jun-44

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding Officer

Division: 1st Special Service Force

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Major General Robert Tryon Frederick (ASN: 0-17196), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility from June 1942 to June 1944.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 88 (November 23, 1944)

Action Date: June 1942 - June 1944

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Robert Tryon Frederick (ASN: 0-17196), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility as Commanding General, 45th Infantry Division, from 1944 to 1945.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 79 (1945)

Action Date: 1944 - 1945

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: 45th Infantry Division

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Brigadier General Robert Tryon Frederick (ASN: 0-17196), United States Army, was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while Commanding the 1st Special Service Force, in action during World War II. Brigadier General Frederick's gallant actions and dedicated devotion to duty, without regard for his own life, were in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

General Orders: Headquarters, II Corps, General Orders No. 22 (1944)

Service: Army

Rank: Brigadier General

Division: 1st Special Service Force

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Robert Tryon Frederick (ASN: 0-17196), United States Army, was awarded the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States during World War II.

General Orders: United States Military Academy Register of Graduates

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Robert Tryon Frederick (ASN: 0-17196), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States during World War II.

General Orders: United States Military Academy Register of Graduates

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army

Rank: Major General