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George Marvin Douglass


Navy Cross

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Lieutenant Commander [then Lieutenant] George Marvin Douglass, United States Naval Reserve, for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier-based Navy Torpedo Plane and Flight Leader in Torpedo Squadron NINETY-FOUR (VT-94), attached to the U.S.S. LEXINGTON (CV-16), in action against enemy Japanese forces at the important Fleet anchorage near Kure, Honshu, Japan, on 28 July 1945. Leading a flight of thirteen torpedo bombers in a coordinated attack against major units of the Japanese Fleet in their heavily-defended anchorage, Lieutenant Commander Douglass skillfully deployed his flight and, pressing home his attack in the face of intense anti-aircraft fire from harbor positions and ships dispersed throughout the area, personally scored direct hits on his assigned target, a heavy cruiser, thereby facilitating the bombing by other pilots and contributing materially to the destruction of the ship. When two of his planes were hit by intense enemy anti-aircraft fire, he effected a rendezvous of his flight despite the known presence of hostile fighter aircraft and continuous ground fire. Although unable to rendezvous fighter cover, he led his flight at the slow speeds attainable by one crippled plane safely through the Inland Sea of Japan to a position of safety where the plane was ditched and the crew saved by a rescue seaplane. Lieutenant Commander Douglass' airmanship, courage and devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.

General Orders: Commander 2d Carrier Task Force Pacific: Serial 01833 (September 17, 1945)

Action Date: July 28, 1945

Service: Navy

Rank: Lieutenant Commander

Company: Torpedo Squadron 94 (VT-94)

Division: U.S.S. Lexington (CV-16)