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Robert Lawrence Eichelberger

Date of birth: March 9, 1886
Date of death: September 26, 1961
Burial location: Arlington, Virginia
Place of Birth: Ohio, Urbana
Home of record: Urbana Ohio

Robert Eichelberger graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, Class of 1909. He was Superintendent of the Academy from 1940 to 1942, before entering combat that established him as a legendary U.S. Army Commander. He retired as a U.S. Army General in 1948.

AWARDS AND CITATIONS

Distinguished Service Cross

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Awarded for actions during the Siberian Intervention

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Lieutenant Colonel (General Staff Corps) Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, for extraordinary heroism while serving on the General Staff Corps, A.E.F. (Siberia), in action in Siberia, from 28 June to 3 July 1919, while serving as assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, American Expeditionary Forces, Siberia. On 2 July 1919, after the capture by American troops of Novitskaya, an American platoon detailed to clear hostile patrols from a commanding ridge was halted by enemy enfilading fire, seriously wounding the members of the patrol. Colonel Eichelberger, without regard to his own safety and armed with a rifle, voluntarily covered the withdrawal of the platoon. On 28 June at the imminent danger of his own life, he entered the partisan lines and effected the release of one American officer and three enlisted men in exchange for a Russian prisoner. On 3 July an American column being fired upon when debouching from a mountain pass, Colonel Eichelberger voluntarily assisted in establishing the firing line, prevented confusion, and, by his total disregard for his own safety, raised the morale of the American forces to a high pitch.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 9 (1923)

Action Date: June 28 - July 3, 1919

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel

Regiment: General Staff Corps

Division: American Expeditionary Forces (Siberia)

Distinguished Service Cross

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Lieutenant General (General Staff Corps) Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving with the 77th Infantry Division, in action against enemy forces from 23 July 1942 to 8 January 1943, in New Guinea. Lieutenant General Eichelberger's intrepid actions, personal bravery and zealous devotion to duty exemplify the highest traditions of the military forces of the United States and reflect great credit upon himself, the 77th Infantry Division, and the United States Army.

General Orders: Headquarters, South West Pacific Area, General Orders No. 5 (January 11, 1943)

Action Date: July 23, 1942 - January 8, 1943

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Division: 77th Infantry Division

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the Siberian Intervention

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Lieutenant Colonel (Infantry) Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility during the intervention in Siberia during World War I. As Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, with the American Expeditionary Forces in Siberia, Lieutenant Colonel Eichelberger organized and directed the Intelligence Service of the American Expeditionary Forces in Siberia in a most able manner and under most trying circumstances. By his keen foresight, discriminating judgment, and brilliant professional attainments, exercised through his efficiently established organization, he was able to keep his Commanding General well and fully informed at all times. His tireless energy and his keen insight into local conditions gave him a masterful grasp of the situation, which contributed materially to the success of the forces in Siberia. He rendered most conspicuous services of inestimable value to the Government in a position of great responsibility.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 56 (1922)

Action Date: Siberian Intervention

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant Colonel

Company: Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2

Regiment: Intelligence Service

Division: American Expeditionary Forces (Siberia)

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Lieutenant General Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 84 (1944)

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Lieutenant General Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, was awarded a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services to the Government of the United States, in a duty of great responsibility.

General Orders: War Department, General Orders No. 53 (1945)

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Army Distinguished Service Medal

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The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, 20 July 1942, takes pleasure in presenting a Third Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Fourth Award of the Army Distinguished Service Medal to Lieutenant General Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States, as Commanding General Allied Land Forces of Occupation Japan, during the period from June 1945 to August 1948.

General Orders: Department of the Army, General Orders No. 71 (October 29, 1948)

Action Date: June 1945 - August 1948

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Navy Distinguished Service Medal

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Distinguished Service Medal to Lieutenant General Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, for exceptionally meritorious and distinguished service in a position of great responsibility to the Government of the United States as Commanding General, FIRST Corps, during the Papuan Campaign, Southeastern New Guinea, from 25 August 1942 to 23 January 1943. By his professional skill, resolute leadership, and brilliant military tactics during the early period of critical offensive operations in this Japanese-controlled area, General Eichelberger contributed to the effectiveness of the Allied drive to force the enemy from strategically occupied territory and to the overall success of our war against Japan. His gallant conduct throughout the Papuan Campaign reflects the highest credit upon General Eichelberger and the United States Armed Forces.

Action Date: August 25, 1942 - January 23, 1943

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Company: Commanding General

Division: I Corps

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Lieutenant General Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, was awarded the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while serving as Commanding General, FIRST Corps, during World War II.

General Orders: Headquarters, U.S. Forces, Pacific, General Orders No. 343 (1945)

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Company: Commanding General

Division: I Corps

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Lieutenant General Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, was awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Second Award of the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while Commanding the EIGHTH Army during World War II.

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Company: Commanding General

Division: 8th Army

Silver Star

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Lieutenant General Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, was awarded a Second Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster in lieu of a Third Award of the Silver Star for conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action against the enemy while Commanding the EIGHTH Army during World War II.

Action Date: World War II

Service: Army

Rank: Lieutenant General

Company: Commanding General

Legion of Merit

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Awarded for actions during the World War II

(Citation Needed) - SYNOPSIS: Major General Robert Lawrence Eichelberger (ASN: 0-2624), United States Army, was awarded the Legion of Merit for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services to the Government of the United States as Commanding General of the 77th Infantry Division in 1942.

Action Date: 1942

Service: Army

Rank: Major General

Company: Commanding General

Division: 77th Infantry Division